ATI-PN-COMPREHENSIVE-PREDICTOR-EXAM

1- A nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client who has metabolic alkalosis. Which of the following laboratory values should the nurse expect? A. pH 7.31, HCO3- 22 mEq/L, PaCO2 50 mmHg B. pH 7.48, HCO3- 23 mEq/L, PaCO2 25 mmHg C. pH 7.32, HCO3- 18 mEq/L, PaCO2 40 mmHg D. pH 7.49, HCO3- 32 mEq/L, PaCO2 40 mmHg 2- A nurse in the emergency department is assessing a client who has deep, rapid respirations. Arterial blood gas analysis includes the following values: pH 7.25, PaCO2 40, and HCO3- 18. Which of the following acid-base imbalances should the nurse identify and report to the provider? A. Respiratory alkalosis B. Metabolic alkalosis C. Respiratory acidosis D. Metabolic acidosis 3- A nurse is caring for a client who is extremely anxious and is hyperventilating. The client's ABG results are pH 7.50, PaCO2 27 mmHg, and HCO3- 25 mEq/L. The nurse should identify that the client has which of the following acid-base imbalances? A. Respiratory acidosis B. Metabolic acidosis C. Respiratory alkalosis D. Metabolic alkalosis 4- A nurse is caring for an older adult client who has chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with pneumonia. The nurse should monitor the client for which of the following acid-base imbalances? A. Respiratory alkalosis B. Respiratory acidosis C. Metabolic alkalosis D. Metabolic acidosis 5- A nurse is reviewing a client’s laboratory report. The client’s ABG levels are pH 7.5, PaCO2 32 mmHg, and HCO3- 24 mEq/L. The nurse should determine that the client has which of the following acid-base imbalances? A. Respiratory alkalosis B. Metabolic acidosis Downloaded by: Kayyh | kamandeabigael@gmail.com Distribution of this document is illegal ATI-PN-COMPREHENSIVE-PREDICTOR-EXAM- Stuvia.com - The Marketplace to Buy and Sell your Study Material C. Respiratory acidosis D. Metabolic alkalosis 6- A nurse is rewarming a client following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. For which of the following complications of the rewarming process should the nurse monitor the client? A. Acidosis B. Infection C. Hypertension D. Cardiac tamponade 7- A nurse is reviewing laboratory findings of an adolescent who has acute renal failure. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? A. Hypokalemia B. Hypercalcemia C. Decreased plasma creatinine level D. Metabolic acidosis 8- A nurse is caring for a client who has emphysema and chronic respiratory acidosis. The nurse should monitor the client for which of the following electrolyte imbalances? A. Hyperkalemia B. Hyponatremia C. Hypercalcemia D. Hypomagnesemia 9- A nurse is assessing a client who is 12 hr postoperative following an open cholecystectomy. Which of the following findings should the nurse report to the provider? A. Hypoactive bowel sounds B. Indwelling urinary catheter output of 25 mL/hr (The nurse should report a urinary output of <30 mL/hr to the provider, as this can indicate hypovolemia or renal complication) C. Heart rate of 96/min D. Serous drainage at the surgical incision site 10- A nurse is reviewing the laboratory report of a client who has chronic kidney disease (CKD). The nurse finds the following laboratory test results: potassium 6.8 mEq/L, calcium 7.4 mg/dL, hemoglobin 10.2 g/dL, and phosphate 4.8 mg/dL. Which finding is the priority for the nurse to report to the provider? A. Hypocalcemia Stuvia.com - The Marketplace to Buy and Sell your Study Material B. Hyperkalemia C. Anemia D. Hypoalbuminemia 11- A nurse is providing dietary teaching a client who has late-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). Which of the following nutrients should the nurse instruct the client to increase in her diet? A. Calcium (CKD can develop hypocalcemia) B. Phosphorous C. Potassium D. Sodium 12- A nurse is checking the laboratory values of a client who has chronic kidney disease. The nurse should expect elevations in which of the following values? A. Potassium and magnesium (CKD pte have hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypermagnesemia) B. Calcium and bicarbonate C. Hemoglobin and hematocrit D. Arterial pH and PaCO2 13- A nurse is caring for a client who has chronic glomerulonephritis with oliguria. For which of the following electrolyte imbalances should the nurse monitor? A. Hypercalcemia B. Hyperkalemia (glomerulonephritis causes potassium retentation) C. Hypomagnesemia D. Hypophosphatemia 14- A nurse is caring for a client who has emphysema and chronic respiratory acidosis. The nurse should monitor the client for which of the following electrolyte imbalances? A. Hyperkalemia B. Hyponatremia C. Hypercalcemia D. Hypomagnesemia 15- A nurse is reviewing the laboratory findings of a client who has chronic kidney disease. The client reports significant persistent nausea and muscle weakness. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? A. Hypernatremia Stuvia.com - The Marketplace to Buy and Sell your Study Material B. Hypomagnesemia C. Hypercalcemia D. Hyperkalemia 16- A nurse is monitoring the electrocardiogram of a client who has hypocalcemia. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? A. Flattened T waves B. Prolonged QT intervals C. Shortened QT intervals D. Widened QRS complexes 17- A nurse is caring for a client who has a major burn injury and is experiencing third spacing. Which of the following fluid or electrolyte imbalances should the nurse expect? A. Hypokalemia B. Hypernatremia C. Elevated Hct D. Decreased Hgb 18- A nurse is examining the ECG of a client who has hyperkalemia. Which of the following ECG changes should the nurse expect? A. Elevated ST segments B. Absent P waves C. Depressed ST segments D. Varying PP intervals 19- A nurse is reviewing the laboratory values of a client who has a positive Chvostek’s sign. Which of the following laboratory findings should the nurse expect? A. Decreased calcium B. Decreased potassium C. Increased potassium D. Increased calcium 20- A nurse is reviewing the laboratory data of a client who has a fever and watery diarrhea. Which of the following results should the nurse report to the provider? A. Calcium 9.5 mg/dL

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  • Pages 24
  • Category Exam Elaboration
  • School / University Johns Hopkins University
  • Course Health Care
  • Course Level University level
  • Year 2023
  • Keywords ATI-PN-COMPREHENSIVE-PREDICTOR-EXAM
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