2024 HESI EXIT COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW A+ GRADE LATEST EXAM [NEW GENERATION] 1.The nurse is correct in withholding an older adult client's dose of nifedipine if which assessment finding is obtained?    A. Blood pressure of 90/56 mm Hg    B. Apical pulse rate of 68 beats/min    C. Potassium level of 3.3 mEq/L    D. Urine output of 200 mL in 4 hours Rationale: Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker that causes a decrease in blood pressure. It should be withheld if the blood pressure is lowered, and 90/56 mm Hg is a low blood pressure for an adult male. A pulse rate <60 beats/min is an indication to withhold the drug. A potassium level of 3.3 mEq/L is low (normal, 3.5 to 5.0 mEq/L), but this finding does not affect the administration of Procardia. Urine output of more than 30 mL/hr, or 120 mL in 4 hours, is normal. Although a 200-mL output in 4 hours is slightly less than normal and warrants follow-up, it is not an indication to withhold a nifedipine (Procardia) dose. 2.Until the census on the obstetrics (OB) unit increases, an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) who usually works in labor and delivery and the newborn nursery is assigned to work on the postoperative unit. Which client would be best for the charge nurse to assign to this UAP?    A. An adolescent who was readmitted to the hospital because of a postoperative infection    B. A woman with a new colostomy who requires discharge teaching    C. A woman who had a hip replacement and may be transferred to the home care unit    D. A man who had a cholecystectomy and currently has a nasogastric tube set to intermittent suction Rationale: A hip replacement is considered a clean case, and transferring the client to another unit is likely to involve physically moving the client and her belongings. The charge nurse will be responsible for providing a report to the home care unit if the transfer occurs. The adolescent client is infected, and an employee who works on an OB unit should be assigned to clean cases in case the employee is required to return to the OB unit. This requires the skills of a registered nurse (RN) to do discharge teaching and provide emotional support. This may require skills beyond the level of this UAP. 3.A very busy hospital unit has had several discharges and the census is unusually low. What is the best way for the charge nurse to use the time of the nursing staff?    A. Encourage staff to participate in online in-service education.    B. Assign staff to make sure that all equipment is thoroughly cleaned.    C. Ask which staff members would like to go home for the remainder of the day.    D. Notify the supervisor that the staff needs additional assignments. Rationale: Online educational programs are available around the clock, so staff can engage in continuing education programs when the opportunity arises, such as during periods of low census. Option B is not the responsibility of the nursing staff. Option C is not the best use of staff and does not use the extra time provided by the low census. The charge nurse should use the time to improve the unit, and requesting additional assignments is not necessary.

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  • Pages 62
  • Category Exam Elaboration
  • School / University Harvard University
  • Course Health Care
  • Course Level Phd level
  • Year 2023
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